مقاله


کد مقاله : 13990917251138

عنوان مقاله : Investigation of helium situation in the world to plan this new important ‎economic resource for Iran

نشریه شماره : 12 Autumn-Winter 2021

مشاهده شده : 133

فایل های مقاله :


نویسندگان

  نام و نام خانوادگی پست الکترونیک مرتبه علمی مدرک تحصیلی مسئول
1 Reza Ahmadi Rezahmadi@gmail.com Assistant Professor PhD
2 Masoumeh Shariati Zarch monika.shari@yahoo.com Graduate M.Sc

چکیده مقاله

In the present research, to plan the future of Iran's potential helium reserves and identify ‎important target markets, the status of resources and reserves, production, consumption and ‎global trade of helium has been statistically investigated during a period of 10 years (2010-2019). ‎In this regard, by extracting data from valid international statistical sources and references, ‎processing and drawing diagrams and analyzing them, the position of the world's leading ‎continents and countries in various fields was determined. The results of the research show that ‎most of the world's helium sources are in the United States of America, Qatar, Algeria and ‎Russia. The United States and Qatar also supply much of the world's helium. The average global ‎production of helium is about 175 million cubic meters per year, where moderately the United ‎States, 55%, Qatar, 32%, Algeria, 6%, Australia, 3%, Russia, 2%, Poland, 1% and the rest of the ‎world countries, perform 1% of global helium production. In terms of helium consumption, the ‎continents of America, Asia, Europe and Africa were ranked respectively. The United States of ‎America, Japan and China have the highest helium consumption in the world, respectively. Asian ‎countries China and Japan are major importers and some countries in the Middle East are also ‎importers of helium, which can be focused as export target markets. The world's largest exporters ‎of helium are the United States of America, Qatar, Algeria, France, Russia, Australia and the ‎United Arab Emirates, respectively. Therefore, in the future, Iran's main trade competitors in the ‎field of helium exports will be Qatar, Russia and Australia countries which, with logical and ‎correct planning, should overtake them and seize the target export markets.‎